How are printed sources referenced in Harvard?

This is the first of two lessons about Referencing Sources in Harvard. To complete this course, read each lesson carefully and then unlock and complete our materials to check your understanding.   

– Focus specifically on the Harvard style of referencing

– Introduce 13 printed sources types that students may use

– Offer example citations and references as well as formatted and unformatted source details to help guide the reader

Lesson 1

There are many styles of referencing that students may be asked to use at university, but none is so widely required as the Harvard style. Famed for its simplicity and pleasing layout, this style uses an author-date format and is most commonly found in the humanities and social sciences. Once you’ve completed our short courses about referencing features and overcoming referencing challenges (such as locating source details or forming references with absent or similar details), you’ll be ready to create Harvard citations and Harvard references.

To help you do that, Lesson 1 provides the reference elements you’ll need as well as example source details for the thirteen most common printed sources in the Harvard style. As well as providing unformatted and formatted details for students to compare (separated with |), we’ve also included an example academic sentence with a citation and an example reference for you to mimic in your own essays. Remember to pay careful attention to (and replicate) any punctuation and formatting used in these examples, such as CAPITALS, commas(,) or italics.

 

(1) Books

  1. Authors’ names: John Dickinson | Dickinson, J.
  2. Publication year: 2015 | (2015)
  3. Title of book: Guide to Academic Writing | Guide to academic writing.
  4. Publication place: New York | New York:
  5. Publisher name: Academic Publications | Academic Publications.

(2) Books with Authors and Editors

  1. Authors’ names: John Dickinson; Amy White | Dickinson, J. and White, A.
  2. Publication year: 2019 | (2019)
  3. Title of book: Academic Vocabulary | Academic vocabulary.
  4. Editors’ names: Jason Dillon | Edited by Dillon, J.
  5. Publication place: London | London:
  6. Publisher name: Universal Print | Universal Print.

(3) Books with Contributing Authors

  1. Authors’ names: Simon Smart | Smart, S.
  2. Publication year: 2020 | (2020)
  3. Title of chapter: The Body Paragraph | ‘The body paragraph’,
  4. Editors’ names: Jason Dillon | Dillon, J. (ed.)
  5. Title of book: Writing Academically | Writing academically.
  6. Publication place: Paris | Paris:
  7. Publisher name: Reference Ltd. | Reference Ltd.,
  8. Page numbers: pages 17 to 25 | pp. 17-25.

(4) Books with Different Editions

  1. Authors’ names: John Dickinson | Dickinson, J.
  2. Publication year: 2015 | (2015)
  3. Title of book: Guide to Academic Writing | Guide to academic writing.
  4. Edition number: 3 | 3rd edn.
  5. Publication place: New York | New York:
  6. Publisher name: Academic Publications | Academic Publications.

(5) Conference Proceedings

  1. Authors’ names: Yijing Zhang; Yujia Hu; Zilin Zhang | Zhang, Y., Hu, Y. and Zhang, Z.
  2. Publication year: 2019 | (2019)
  3. Title of paper: Using English in the Classroom | ‘Using English in the classroom’,
  4. Title of conference: 7th Conference on EAP | 7th conference on EAP,
  5. Conference place: London, UK | London, UK,
  6. Conference date: 4th to 10th of April | 4-10 April.
  7. Publisher name: Universal Print | Universal Print,
  8. Page numbers: pages 17 to 25 | pp. 17-25.

(6) Dissertations/Theses

  1. Authors’ names: Zilin Zhang | Zhang, Z.
  2. Submission year: 2012 | (2012)
  3. Title of thesis: A corpus investigation of EAP | A corpus investigation of EAP.
  4. Type of submission: PhD Thesis | PhD thesis.
  5. Degree awarding body: University of Exeter | University of Exeter.

(7) Graphic Data

  1. Authors’ names: Laura Jones and Job Marley | Jones, L. and Marley, J.
  2. Publication year: 1996 | (1996)
  3. Title of source: Helpful Statistics | Helpful statistics.
  4. Publication place: Lisbon, Portugal | Lisbon:
  5. Publisher name: Graphic Print | Graphic Print,
  6. Page numbers: page 99 | p. 99,
  7. Type of graphic: Bar Chart | bar chart.

(8) Government Publications

  1. Department name: UK Government | UK Government
  2. Publication year: 2018 | (2018)
  3. Title of source: Average Life Expectancy 2015 | Average life expectancy 2015.
  4. Publication place: London, England | London:
  5. Publisher name: UK Government | UK Government.

(9) Interviews

  1. Interviewees’ names: Daniel Oberst | Oberst, D.
  2. Interview year: 2019 | (2019)
  3. Title of interview: Teaching Abroad | ‘Teaching abroad’.
  4. Interviewee: Daniel Oberst | Interview with Daniel Oberst.
  5. Interviewer: Jack Johnson | Interviewed by Jack Johnson
  6. Interviewing institution: BBC | for the BBC,
  7. Interview date: 17th of August 2019 | 17 August,
  8. Page numbers: pages 27 to 66 | pp. 27-66.

(10) Journal Articles

  1. Authors’ names: John Smith | Smith, J.
  2. Publication year: 1999 | (1999)
  3. Title of article: An Investigation into Academia | ’An investigation into academia’,
  4. Title of journal: Academic Practices | Academic Practices,
  5. Volume and issue: Volume 17; Issue 2 | 17(2),
  6. Page numbers: pages 4 to 14| pp. 4-14.

(11) Magazine Articles

  1. Authors’ names: Jane Bloggs and Jack Frost | Bloggs, J. and Frost, J.
  2. Publication year: 2001 | (2001)
  3. Title of article: Happy Students? | ‘Happy students?’,
  4. Title of magazine: On Campus | On Campus,
  5. Volume and issue: Volume 3; Issue 4 | 3(4),
  6. Page numbers: pages 45 to 49| pp. 45-49.

(12) Newspaper Articles

  1. Authors’ names: Jack Frost | Frost, J.
  2. Publication year: 2017 | (2017)
  3. Title of article: Is Harvard Selling Out? | ‘Is Harvard selling out?’,
  4. Title of newspaper: Campus Periodical | Campus Periodical,
  5. Publication date: 19th of October 2017 | 19 October,
  6. Page numbers: pages 65 to 76| pp. 65-76.

(13) Reports

  1. Authors’ names: Joe Bloggs and Jane Doe | Bloggs, J. and Doe, J.
  2. Publication year: 2015 | (2015)
  3. Title of report: Students Overseas 2010-12 | Students overseas 2010-12.
  4. Publication place: Houston, Texas, USA | Houston, TX:
  5. Publisher name: Academic Publications | Academic Publications.

Well done on getting to the end of this first lesson in our short course on referencing sources in Harvard. In addition to learning about how to reference printed source types, why not continue on with Lesson 2 to find out about the wide array of digital sources also on offer. You can also unlock, download and complete our Lesson 1 Worksheet to check your understanding and progress – and further improve your English proficiency.

1 of 2 Lessons Completed

Materials

Once you’ve completed both lessons in this short course about Referencing Sources in Harvard, you might then wish to download our Lesson Worksheets to check your progress or print for your students. These professional PDF worksheets can be easily accessed for only a few Academic Marks.

Lesson 1 explores the topic: How are printed sources referenced in Harvard? Our Lesson 1 Worksheet (containing guidance, activities and answer keys) can be accessed here at the click of a button. 

Lesson 2 explores the topic: Are digital sources difficult to reference in Harvard? Our Lesson 2 Worksheet (containing guidance, activities and answer keys) can be accessed here at the click of a button. 

To save yourself 1 Marks, click on the button below to gain unlimited access to all of our Referencing Sources in Harvard Lesson Worksheets. This All-in-1 Pack includes every lesson, activity and answer key related this topic in one handy and professional PDF.

Media

There are currently no PowerPoint activities, additional teacher resources or audio and video recordings created for this topic. Please come back again next semester.

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