Which academic phrases belong in an essay body?
This is the third of four lessons About Body Paragraphs. To complete this course, read each lesson carefully and then unlock and complete our materials to check your understanding.
– Provide language models for the key elements of an academic body paragraph
– Discuss the academic language which should be used and the unacademic language which should be avoided
– Provide examples of cohesive devices, hedging language and reporting verbs to guide the reader
In this third lesson on writing effective body paragraphs, we focus next on the type of language that students should aim to include if they wish to improve their grades. While inclusion of such language is not essential, doing so will help to clarify the academic tone of your writing and will better guide the reader through your key arguments and the sections of your essay.
As was explained in detail in Lesson 2 of this short course, there are four key essay elements that belong in a successful body section. These are commonly topic sentences (and their main ideas), supporting details and summary-transition sentences. To form each of these elements in an academic style, there are a number of language models that students can use:
In addition to the key words and phrases that can be used to introduce the key elements of a body paragraph, it is important also that students pay careful attention to the common rules of formal academic language – remembering also to avoid informal and unacceptable structures. The following table briefly outlines the key language structures that should be avoided:
While the next table instead provides the seven academic structures that can be used across all paragraphs of an essay (including the introduction and conclusion), three of these language structures are particularly important for the body section. These are cohesive devices, hedging language and reporting verbs (for including source-based information):
While Academic Marker has short courses on each of these three language structures, the tables provided below briefly summarise some of the key language that should be useful when writing the body section of your essay:
Visit our courses on academic language, cohesive devices, hedging language and reporting verbs for more information about these language structures and for activities to check your progress and understanding. Alternatively, continue on to the fourth and final lesson in this short course about body paragraphs to find out the seven best tips for writing successful academic body paragraphs.
Lesson 4 explores the topic: Which tips make for effective essay body sections? Our Lesson 4 Worksheet (containing guidance, activities and answer keys) can be accessed here at the click of a button.
There are currently no PowerPoint activities, additional teacher resources or audio and video recordings created for this topic. Please come back again next semester.
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