What are the key elements of an academic abstract?

This is the second of three lessons about Abstracts. To complete this course, read each lesson carefully and then unlock and complete our materials to check your understanding.   

– Divide abstracts into five key elements

– Discuss each of the five key abstract elements

– Provide authentic examples to help guide the reader

Lesson 2

Having discussed the wider concepts of an academic abstract in Lesson 1, this lesson now aims to outline the common elements of a successful abstract as used in a dissertation or thesis. However, in addition to there being variation in the type of abstract required (and therefore which elements to include), it’s worth mentioning at this stage that a writer may also decide to include or omit any of the five elements provided below if the project so requires it. Nevertheless, we’ve outlined and provided examples of these five key elements to help you write an effective abstract.


1. The Introduction (15%)

Just like an essay has an introduction and a conclusion, so too does an abstract. A good writer should dedicate at least a few sentences to providing the context or background of the research paper, to explaining any motivation for conducting that specific research, and to identifying the significance of the research and how it aims to fill a research gap. The introduction to our Lesson 1 example abstract has been provided for your reference below:

The Abstract 2.1 Introduction

2. The Purpose (25%)

Often larger than the introduction element is the paper’s purpose. To complete this section effectively, a writer should consider the aims and intentions of their study as well as outline any important questions or hypotheses. How the research intends to develop those aims and hypotheses should also be highlighted for the reader. 

The Abstract 2.2 Purpose

3. The Method (25%)

The third and largest element of an academic abstract is usually used to briefly explain the research methodology. Were quantitative or qualitative methods used, for example, or was the data triangulated in any way? Use this section to concisely justify and identify your study’s approaches, methods, design aspects, key variables and any relevant data-analysis procedures.

The Abstract 2.3 Method

4. The Results (20%)

Following the methodology, most effectively written abstracts (particularly of the informative type) assign about 20% of their word count to presenting the main findings and results of the research’s key aims, questions and hypotheses, as well as providing some discussion of any additional considerations that were encountered during the research process. Our example abstract on Cameroon Pidgin English below covers many of these important areas:

The Abstract 2.4 Results

5. The Conclusion (15%)

The final aspect worth considering (the conclusion) functions much like an essay conclusion in that the writer may discuss here the significance or importance of the research findings. Some consideration of the research’s contribution to the field may be highlighted to the reader as well, in addition to practical suggestions for application of the research or implications for future research.

The Abstract 2.5 Conclusion

Having deconstructed an example abstract into its five key elements, the final aspect of abstract writing is about recognising the important tips that will help you to write an effective abstract confidently and easily every time.

2 of 3 Lessons Completed


Once you’ve completed all three lessons about abstracts, you might also wish to download our beginner, intermediate and advanced worksheets to test your progress or print for your students. These professional PDF worksheets can be easily accessed for only a few Academic Marks.

Our abstracts guidance sheet (including all three lessons about this topic) can be accessed here at the click of a button.

Gain unlimited access to our abstracts beginner worksheet, with activities and answer keys designed to check a basic understanding of this topic’s lessons.

To check a confident understanding of this topic’s lessons, click on the button below to download our abstracts intermediate worksheet with activities and answer keys.

Our abstracts advanced worksheet with activities and answer keys has been created to check a sophisticated understanding of this topic’s lessons. 

To save yourself 5 Marks, click on the button below to gain unlimited access to all of our abstracts guidance and worksheets. The All-in-1 Pack includes every lesson on this topic, as well as our beginner, intermediate and advanced worksheets in one handy PDF.


You may also wish to download any relevant PowerPoint activities, teacher resources or audio and video recordings we’ve created about this topic for only a few Academic Marks.

Click on the button below to gain unlimited access to our The Abstract teacher’s PowerPoint, which should include everything you’d need to successfully introduce this topic.


Would you like to receive 10 more Academic Marks to unlock our content? Community feedback is very important to Academic Marker, so if there’s something you like about our materials or an aspect that could be improved, please complete the form below (or get in touch at [email protected]) and we’ll credit your account to say thanks.

Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on reddit
Share on email

Wish to say ‘thanks’ for these free materials? Share academicmarker.com with your fellow students, tutors, colleagues and classmates 🙌.