Why are concluding thesis restatements important?
This is the first of three lessons about Thesis Restatements. To complete this course, read each lesson carefully and then unlock and complete our materials to check your understanding.
– Review the key elements of a concluding paragraph
– Compare thesis statements with thesis restatements
– Identify a thesis restatements purpose and what makes one effective in an academic essay
While it’s never easy writing an essay conclusion, focussing on the individual elements of that section one by one (such as the summary of ideas and the research gaps) can significantly help a writer piece together an effective paragraph. In this short course, we pay careful attention to the thesis restatement, which is often the first element of a concluding paragraph. We compare thesis statements with their restated versions in Lesson 1 to identify purpose, and in Lesson 2 provide four helpful tips for writing successful restatements. Finally, in Lesson 3, a number of example restatements are offered, providing students with useful academic phrases and structures.
Thesis statements are an integral part of an essay. They allow the writer to communicate to the reader the following five aspects in a clear and concise way:
- the assignment/research question
- how the question is being approached
- a claim about the research question
- an outline of the essay structure
- the writer’s stance
Why should a thesis be restated?
As with any essay paragraph, there are multiple elements that should be included in a conclusion if a writer wishes to follow a proven formula. Such a formula may be particularly important for new or non-native writers who many not have the language skills to sufficiently communicate their ideas. One of the key elements is the thesis restatement, but why bother restating the thesis in the conclusion?
To improve coherence and cohesion in an essay, composition tutors will often highlight how critical it is to remind the reader of the key aspects of an argument. Three of the four key aspects are the thesis statement, the topic-sentence main ideas and the key supporting details. The thesis restatement, which is usually (but not always) placed at the very start of the concluding paragraph, is the final aspect, aiming to concisely and specifically bring the reader back to the overall purpose and focus of your essay. A writer’s argument should ideally be repeated across these four elements to maintain a theme throughout the essay and to keep the reader on track. A reader that becomes confused about your argument is unlikely to be convinced by your line of reasoning.
What makes for an effective thesis restatement?
A thesis restatement should be a paraphrase of the original statement, using different words (such as synonyms) or word orders and grammar to express the same ideas. The tense and aspect of these two corresponding statements should also be different to reflect the stages of the essay, with the original statement commonly found in the present simple and the restatement in present perfect:
An effective thesis restatement, however, should not only paraphrase the original as in the previous examples. In addition to using different words and grammar, a good thesis restatement should also demonstrate a deeper understanding of the topic:
Much like a thesis statement, the common elements of a thesis restatement are:
- task language
- key arguments
For guidance about how to form these elements effectively and how to write thesis restatements with confidence, continue studying with Lesson 2. To check your understanding of Lesson 1 first, consider unlocking, downloading and completing our Lesson 1 Worksheet from the menu below.
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